Friday, December 27, 2019
Justifying someone s actions can be very complicated; a person can have all the right reasons, but his or her decision could still cause negative effects. In Henrik Ibsen s A Doll s House, the protagonist Nora Helmer decides to leave her husband in order to find herself despite the fact that she also has three kids to consider. However, Nora is right in forsaking her children as at the end of the play she realizes that she is oppressed by her life and lacks self-confidence due to the belittling treatment she receives from her husband; by abandoning her children, she is forced to discover herself and gain the independence she desires. Nora has never had the chance to reach her full potential due to the strict societal roles for women; however, because of her actions in the play, Nora realizes that she can rebel against these standards and accomplish so much more, leading her to walk out on her family. In the beginning, Nora acts like a loyal submissive spouse and loving mother, but th e audience notices that she resists Torvald in small ways. For example, Nora eats a macaroon despite her husband s ban on sweets. When Torvald questions her, she deceives him, saying I should not think of going against your wishes (7). Her lying gives her a bit of freedom from being the perfect little wife Torvald expects her to be. Nora s major and controversial defiance is her secret loan that she takes out in order to save Torvald s life. Yet, she does not reveal her actions to herShow MoreRelatedHenrik Ibsen s A Doll House1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In the play, A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen, the title itself symbolizes the dependent and degraded role of the wife within traditional marriages. Ibsen portrayed the generous nature root into women by society, as well as the significant action of this nature, and lastly the need for them to find their own voice in a world ruled by men. Ibsen wrote this play in 1879, this is the era where women were obedient to men, tend the children until their husband came home, and stood by the Cult of DomesticityRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1717 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"A Doll, a Partner, and a ChangeÃ¢â¬ Social movement of women liberation toward equal rights and independence has been a big subject in human history. It happens not only in Europe but also all over the world. Though making progress, this movement has been advancing slowly and encountered backslashes from time to time. Maybe there is something deeply hidden which the society has not figured out yet, even women themselves. What do women want, freedom or good life? Most of the time, they are notRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1291 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages A Doll s House by Henrik Ibsen, is a play that has been written to withstand all time. In this play Ibsen highlights the importance of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights. During the time period of the play these rights were neglected. Ibsen depicts the role of the woman was to stay at home, raise the children and attend to her husband during the 19th century. Nora is the woman in A Doll House who plays is portrayed as a victim. Michael Meyers said of Henrik Ibsen s plays: The common denominator in many of IbsenRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1288 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Henrik IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House is based in the Victorian society of the 19th century. It assesses the many struggles and hardships that women faced because of marriage Ã¢â¬Å"lawsÃ¢â¬ that were crucial during that time period. The society was male- dominated with no equality. Nora is the protagonist in A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House and the wife of a man named Torvald. This play is about NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s voyage to recognizing her self- determination and independence. She transforms from a traditional, reserved woman to a new, independentRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1298 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"There is beauty in truth, even if it s painful. Those who lie, twist life so that it looks tasty to the lazy, brilliant to the ignorant, and powerful to the weak. But lies only strengthen our defects. They don t teach anything, help anything, fix anything or cure anything. Nor do they develop one s character, one s mind, one s heart or one s soul.Ã¢â¬ (JosÃ © N. Harris). Nora HelmerÃ¢â¬â¢s choice to lie and deceive is inappropriate and wrong for women to do to her husband during this time period; itRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1037 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHenrik Ibsen s A Doll s House is a work of literature genius. This three-act play involves many literary technics that are undermined by the average reader such as the fact that the plot shows the main characters Torvald and his wife Nora live the perfect life. An ironic paradox based around the fact that Nora and TorvaldÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship is the complete opposite of perfect. Also, bringing upon a conflict as well, appearance versus reality. These little hidden meanings within stories are what areRead MoreA Doll s House : Henrik Ibsen962 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDrama Analysis A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House (Henrik Ibsen) And Trifles (Susan Glaspell) In comparing both dramas, the overwhelming aspect of convergence between both is the open discussion of gender identity. Both dramas make similar points about what it means to be a woman. Modern society in both dramas is constructed with men holding power over women. This is seen in Trifles in how men like George Henderson and Mr. Hale are myopic. The premise of the drama is how women worry over trifles, and the dismissiveRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House, Henrik Ibsen examines conventional roles of men and women in the nineteenth century. In the play, Nora exemplifies the conventional feminine standard during that period. She seems to be powerless and confines herself through high standard expectations, demonstrating what the role of a women would be as a wife and mother. The protagonist of A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House is a woman named Nora Helmer. Ibsen shows how NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s design of perfect life gradually transforms when her sec ret unravels. InRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen876 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House by Henrik Ibsen A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House takes place in the home of Torvald and Nora Helmer. Through conversation with NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s good friend Kristine Linde it is revealed that Mr. Helmer was ill around the same time NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s father died. Luckily NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s father left her enough money that Torvald and Nora could go on a life saving trip to Italy. But the truth comes out when we find out NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s father did not leave her a penny. We find out that Nora got a hold of the money through a loan but she signedRead MoreHenrik Ibsen s A Doll House Essay1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHenrik IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s play Ã¢â¬Å"A Doll HouseÃ¢â¬ was set in the Victorian era, a time where women were highly respected. Women in this time period did not work, they had nannies to take care of their children and maids to take care of their homes. Many women had no real responsibilities, they spent their time having tea parties and socializing with their friends. Henrik Ibsen dared to show the realism of the Vict orian era while everyone else would only focus on the romantic aspect. In the play, Ã¢â¬Å"A Doll HouseÃ¢â¬
Thursday, December 19, 2019
While corruption is said to generate inefficiency and retard growth in a country (Ackerman, 1997), China manages to deliver astronomical economic growth amidst rampant corruption (Li, Peng, 2001). To explain ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s puzzle, the essay first focuses on the causes of corruption and why it has yet to be eradicated, and then analyzes its economic impact in the short and long run. The rise of corruption in China can be attributed to the structure of its economic institutions. Starting off with a unified system where resources are uniformly allocated by the central government, large-scale decentralization market reforms in the 1970s like the Ã¢â¬Å"fiscal-contracting systemÃ¢â¬ endowed local officials with high control over the use of public goods (Zhou,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Some say that the Chinese government allows tolerable corruption to motivate officials so that they do not have to reward them in other materialistic ways that are incongruent to the benevolent image of the party (Fan, Grossman, 2000). Anti-corruption activities only target on exposing and punishing smaller cases to appease the masses while corruption at the higher levels is often left unscathed (Pei, 2007). Despite the high levels of corruption, investors do not seem to be deterred from doing business in China. Some believe that corruption acts as an effective Ã¢â¬Å"greaseÃ¢â¬ to speed up the many layers of bureaucratic inefficiencies for starting of businesses in China (Meon, Weill, 2008). Furthermore, the policy of regional competition in China has caused the competitive lowering of bribes in order to attract businessmen with a lower Ã¢â¬Å"unavoidable costÃ¢â¬ of doing business in the region. (Li, Peng 2001). Another reason would be the high predictability of corrupt practices in China (Campos, Lien, Pradhan, 2001), to the extent where investors factor Ã¢â¬Å"bribes and giftsÃ¢â¬ as a portion of their budget. Hence it does not appear as a deterrent to businesses when they enter the market (Dickson, 2008). Corruption due to Ã¢â¬Å"GuanxiÃ¢â¬ is also explained to enhance efficiency, because Ã¢â¬Å"GuanxiÃ¢â¬ contributes to high levels of public trust that encourages bus iness ventures due to the availability of valuable information that reduces uncertainty (Li, WuShow MoreRelatedCorruption in China2317 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages200 11.08.200 Universidad Mayor Santiago de Chile Facultad Ciencias EconÃ ³micas y Empresariales International Marketing Manfred BrÃ ¤uchle Q. Case 2- 5 Coping with Corruption in Trading with China Rafael Fuentes Candia (Chile) Michael David Franz-Josef Kampmeyer (Germany) Johannes Knapp (Germany) Case 2 Ã¢â¬â 5 Coping with Corruption in Trading with Chin Tuesday, August 12, 2008 page 2 Rafael Fuentes Candia Michael Franz Josef Kampmeyer Johannes Knapp I. List all different types of bribes,Read MoreCase Analysis Corruption in China1824 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCase: Coping with Corruption in Trading with China. Corporations across the globe deal in international business practices every day. When a company must to do business in countries with a high level of corruption, a company should have a plan that helps to maintain control over a key piece of intellectual property or some production process component that allows company to maintain power in the relationship. Most of these processes and practices are legal and ethical, following the laws and regulationsRead MoreCoping with Corruption in Trading with China Essay examples1063 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCoping with Corruption in Trading with China Corruption is on the rise in China, where the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s press frequently has detailed cases of corruption and of campaigns to crack down on it. The articles primarily have focused on domestic economic crimes among Chinese citizens, and on local ofÃ¯ ¬ cials who have been Ã¯ ¬ red or assessed other penalties. Indeed, China has been rated by Transparency International as number 59 of the 102 countries the German organization rates on its Ã¢â¬Å"Corruption PerceptionRead MoreBritish And Chinese Trade Of Opium Into China Caused The Corruption And Eventual Downfall Of The Qing Dynasty1730 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto find the extent to which the British and Chinese trade of opium into China caused the corruption and eventual downfall of the Qing dynasty. The main body of this investigation focuses on the corruption and failure of the Chinese government in controlling British incursions, which caused its citizens to rebel and thus began the downfall of the Qing Dynasty. The introducti ons of opium to China and the effects it had on China will be assessed in accordance to origin, value, purpose, and limitationRead MoreThe Politics Of Mexico And China1737 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMexicoÃ¢â¬â¢s move towards democracy. Similarly, China, a fractured authoritarian state, has been showing increasing signs of democracy. Due to its economic and political trends, many argue that China is well on its way towards becoming a democracy. However, despite these trends, there is a problem in that the politics in both Mexico and China remain riddled with corruption. This complex issue raises the question of why corruption persists in both Mexico and China despite their movements towards democracyRead MoreChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s evolving geopolitical role and its participation in the WTO.1419 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesterms of geopolitics, it was been observed that China is among the three great powers, beside the United States and the European Union. According to O. Tuathail, 1996; Agnew, 2009, critical geopolitics intends to understand world politics in terms of the ways in which elites and publics actively construct the spaces of political action that are then the medium for the policies of states and other factors. At its current rate of economic growth, China, though still considered a developing country asRead MoreCorruption And Ethics And Integrity Enforcement Agencies1591 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the current world, corruption has been rampant across all the sectors of the global economy. There are many instances when corruption cases have been filed within legal and ethics and integrity enforcement agencies. Corruption ranges from the normal citizens of a nation to the top officials of the nation. It develops from the selfish and greedy nature of people. The effect of corruption on the economies of individual states and nations is often dire, especially when it is large scale. These effectsRead MoreCorruption Is A Matter Of Great Concern For The Nation1742 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGovernment in 1963, Kenya has been plagued with corruption. Combating corruption is a matter of great concern for the nation, largely because corruption in Kenya is not just centralized at the head of government, but systematically rooted throughout all levels of government and normalized within society. Kenyans have developed a culture of corruption that cannot be easily broken, and poor governance can be attributed to the entrenchment of corruption throughout Kenya. Government institutions, whichRead MoreChina s Republic Of China1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesINTRODUCTION OF CHINA Known fully as the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s republic of China, this country has improved vastly in terms of economic progress in the past decades. With 93% of its population being Han Chinese, China also has 55 other ethnic minorities. This percentage totals up to 1.37 billion people, making China the country with the largest population in the world. The population of China is rather unevenly distributed into 23 different provinces and each province is governed by a local government. China has theRead MoreCensorship in China Essay958 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Freedom of Speech is granted to every American citizen and has been since it was founded in 1776; however, not every nation grants that right. China, as a communist nation, retains most individual freedom rights from its citizens. Although in the Peoples Republic of ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s (PRC) 1982 constitution, people are guaranteed Freedom of Expression and Press; it is often violated by the current corrupt government. The government demands the news to be 80% positive and 20% negative, altering the facts
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
A Character Sketch of Chaucers Knight Essay The Canterbury TalesA Character Sketch of Chaucers KnightGeoffrey Chaucers Canterbury Tales, written in approximately1385, is a collection of twenty-four stories ostensibly told by variouspeople who are going on a religious pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral fromLondon, England. Prior to the actual tales, however, Chaucer offers thereader a glimpse of fourteenth century life by way of what he refers to asa General Prologue. In this prologue, Chaucer introduces all of thecharacters who are involved in this imaginary journey and who will tell thetales. Among the characters included in this introductory section is aknight. Chaucer initially refers to the knight as a most distinguishedman (l. 43) and, indeed, his sketch of the knight is highly complimentary. The knight, Chaucer tells us, possessed/Fine horses, but hewas not gaily dressed (ll. 69-70). Indeed, the knight is dressed in acommon shirt which is stained where his armor had left mark (l. 72). That is, the knight is just home from service (l. 73) and is in such ahurry to go on his pilgrimage that he has not even paused before beginningit to change his clothes. The knight has had a very busy life as his fighting career hastaken him to a great many places. He has seen military service in Egypt,Lithuania, Prussia, Russia, Spain, North Africa, and Asia Minor where hewas of great value in all eyes (l. 63). Even though he has had a verysuccessful and busy career, he is extremely humble: Chaucer maintains thathe is modest as a maid (l. 65). Moreover, he has never said a rude thingto anyone in his entire life (cf., ll. 66-7). Clearly, the knight possesses an outstanding character. Chaucer gives to the knight one of the more flattering descriptions in theGeneral Prologue. The knight can do no wrong: he is an outstandingwarrior who has fought for the true faithaccording to Chauceron threecontinents. In the midst of all this contenton, however, the knightremains modest and polite. The knight is the embodiment of the chivalriccode: he is devout and courteous off the battlefield and is bold andfearless on it. In twentieth century America, we would like to think that wehave many people in our society who are like Chaucers knight. During thisnations altercation with Iraq in 1991, the concept of the modest buteffective soldier captured the imagination of the country. Indeed, thenations journalists in many ways attempted to make General H. NormanSchwarzkof a latter day knight. The general was made to appear as afearless leader who really was a regular guy under the uniform. It would be nice to think that a person such as the knightcould exist in the twentieth century. The fact of the matter is that it isunlikely that people such as the knight existed even in the fourteenthcentury. As he does with all of his characters, Chaucer is producing astereotype in creating the knight. As noted above, Chaucer, in describingthe knight, is describing a chivalric ideal. The history of the MiddleAges demonstrates that this ideal rarely was manifested in actual conduct. Nevertheless, in his description of the knight, Chaucer shows the readerthe possibility of the chivalric way of life. how the hell do you work this thing?
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Mill's Utilitarianism When faced with a moral dilemma, utilitarianism identifies the appropriate considerations, but offers no realistic way to gather the necessary information to make the required calculations. This lack of information is a problem both in evaluating the welfare issues and in evaluating the consequentialist issues which utilitarianism requires be weighed when making moral decisions. Utilitarianism attempts to solve both of these difficulties by appealing to experience; however, no method of reconciling an individual decision with the rules of experience is suggested, and no relative weights are assigned to the various considerations. In deciding whether or not to torture a terrorist who has planted a bomb in New York City, a utilitarian must evaluate both the overall welfare of the people involved or effected by the action taken, and the consequences of the action taken. To calculate the welfare of the people involved in or effected by an action, utilitarianism requires that all individuals be considered equally. Quantitative utilitarian would weigh the pleasure and pain which would be caused by the bomb exploding against the pleasure and pain that would be caused by torturing the terrorist. Then, the amounts would be summed and compared. The problem with this method is that it is impossible to know beforehand how much pain the bomb exploding or how much pain would be caused by the torture. Utilitarianism offers no practical way to make the interpersonal comparison of utility necessary to compare the pains. In the case of the bomb exploding, it at least seems highly probable that the bomb exploding would cause a greater amount of pain, at least in the present. This probability suffices for a quantitative utilitarian, but it does not account for the consequences, which create an entirely different problem, which will be discussed below. The probability also does not hold for Mill's utilitarianism. Mill's Utilitarianism insists on qualitative utilitarianism, which requires that one consider not only the amount of pain or pleasure, but also the quality of such pain and pleasure. Mill suggests that to distinguish between different pains and pleasures we should ask people who have experienced both types which is more pleasurable or more painful. This solution does not work for the question of torture compared to death in an explosion. There is no one who has experienced both; therefore, there is no one who can be consulted. Even if we agree that the pain caused by the number of deaths in the explosion is greater than the pain of the terrorist being tortured, this assessment only accounts for the welfare half of the utilitarian's considerations. Furthermore, one has no way to measure how much more pain is caused by allowing the bomb to explode than by torturing the terrorist. After settling the issues surrounding the welfare, a utilitarian must also consider the consequences of an action. In weighing the consequences, there are two important considerations. The first, which is especially important to objective Utilitarianism, is which people will be killed. The second is the precedent, which will be set by the action. Unfortunately for the decision-maker, the information necessary to make either of these calculations is unavailable. There is no way to determine which people will be killed and weigh whether their deaths would be good for society. Utilitarianism requires that one compare the good that the people would do for society with the harm they would do society if they were not killed. For example, if a young Adolf Hitler were in the building, it might do more good for society to allow the building to explode. Unfortunately for an individual attempting to use utilitarianism to make for decisions, there is no way to know beforehand what a person will do. Furthermore, without even knowing which building the bomb is in, there is no way to predict which people will surely be in the building. A subjectivist utilitarian would dismiss this consideration and would examine only what a rational person would consider to be the consequence; however, even the subjectivist utilitarian must face the question of precedent setting. Utilitarianism considers justice and humane treatment to be good for society as a whole and therefore instrumentally good as a means to promoting happiness. Utilitarianism considers precedent to be important, but does not offer any method of determining exceptions. It is impossible to determine how much effect on precedent any given isolated action will have. In the case of determining whether or not to torture the terrorist, one must consider whether it is good for society to allow torture to be used as a method of gaining information. If